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why Marine Le Pen lost a rematch against Emmanuel Macron

Marine Le Pen was unable to avenge Emmanuel Macron. The National Assembly (RN) candidate failed to defeat the outgoing president, who will spend the next five years in Elysée, on Sunday, April 24. It is true that compared to 2017 it improves its score with 41.8% of the vote, according to the first estimate of the Ipsos-Sopra Steria for France Televisions, Radio France, France 24, parliamentary channels and Le Parisien. “Despite two weeks of unfair, brutal and violent methods, the ideas we represent are reaching new heights one evening in the second round of the presidential election. Today’s result is a clear victory in itself.”Marine Le Pen responded shortly after the results were announced.

Still, she ended up far behind Emmanuel Macron. He won 58.2% of the vote. The far right thus suffered its third defeat after 2002 and 2017 out of so many turnout in the second round of the presidential election.

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The disappointment for the 53-year-old MP for Pas-de-Calais is in line with the expectations her camp had before the first round. “If they had told me six months ago that Marine Le Pen would score better than in 2017, I would have signed with both hands immediately,” Louis Aliot, mayor of Perpignan, said in a statement on April 10. In two weeks, the candidate saw her Elysian dreams evaporate under the combined effect of several factors.

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Because she always faced an effective Republican front

He was said to be weak, to spend his last hours. But on the evening of the first round, the Republican Front against the far right reactivated. Valérie Pécresse (4.78%), Yannick Jadot (4.63%), Fabien Roussel (2.28%) and Anne Hidalgo (1.75%) explicitly called for Emmanuel Macron to vote in the second round. “Not a single vote should go to the far right and Marine Le Pen,” said Jean-Luc Mélenchon (21.95%) and Philippe Poutou (0.77%). Only Eric Zemmour (7.07%) and Nicolas Dupont-Aignan (2.06%) called for the RN candidate to be selected two weeks later, openly “against Macron”.

Le Pen’s camp tried very quickly to seduce those who threw the La France insoumise bulletin into the ballot box. “I tell the voters of Jean-Luc Mélenchon, be real rebels, (…) do not spare Emmanuel Macron’s head, do not sign retirement at the age of 65 or social damage to public service,” said RN Sébastien. Chen, from Sunday, April 10 at the LCI. It is no coincidence that Marine Le Pen is trying to create an “anti-Macronian front” with rebel voices: Brice Teinturier, deputy director of the Ipsos Institute, has maximized the transmission of these voices from the radical left to the far right. one of the necessary conditions for Marine Le Pen to defeat Emmanuel Macron.

Because many celebrities called for her to be beaten

During the two rounds, Emmanuel Macron did not stop insisting on the dangers of Marine Le Pen’s thoughts. “We are twenty years after it was a shock to our democracy. We must not get used to the rise of far-right ideas,” the outgoing president said the day after Thursday’s debate between the two rounds. After the elimination of Eric Zemmour, who played the role of a “scarecrow” for her, according to political scientist Gilles Ivaldi, Marine Le Pen sees his program dissected and criticized from all sides. While, according to the researcher, she led the campaign “in secret mode”, it is directly revealed here.

For two weeks now, the stands have been calling for Marine Le Pen to be defeated by Emmanuel Macron in the second round. Athletes, artists, foreign heads of state, carers and other personalities use their votes to reactivate the Republican Front against the far right. The demonstrations, no doubt much less massive than after April 21, 2002, gathered tens of thousands of people in France on Saturday, April 16. Even Alexei Navalny urges the French to vote for Emmanuel Macron. Russia’s opponent Vladimir Putin accuses Marine Le Pen of using a Russian bank that would be “a well-known money laundering agency set up at Putin’s instigation.” At the judicial level, the European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) accuses the candidate RN of embezzling almost 137,000 euros of public money between 2004 and 2017, as revealed by Mediapart. The Paris prosecutor’s office confirms that it received Olaf’s report on March 11, 2022.

Because she took little risk and lacked clarity in essence

Marine Le Pen has increased her travels to small towns, most of which are dedicated to her cause, such as Vienne (Isère) at the end of February, in Hauts-de-France on several occasions or even in Saint-Pierre-en-Auge (Calvados) during the interval between rounds. Objective: to avoid hacking in front of the cameras with his opponents and to continue to develop his strategy of demonization without incident.

“She is the only candidate who meets with the French everywhere in the country, far from Paris, to come up with real proposals on purchasing power,” said Sébastien Chen, a representative of the RN of the North, on a plane to Perpignan (Pyrénées-Orientales). just before the first round.

However, this zero-risk strategy has not always paid off. During a market walk in Pertuis (Vaucluse) on 15 April, the candidate sins because of ambiguities in important topics, such as the referendum on the death penalty or even Europe. When asked by a woman in a white hijab, the candidate tried to take a stand on the ban on veiling in public. Marine Le Pen, a few days earlier on the fine for wearing this religious sign outside the private sphere, assures in Saint-Rémy-sur-Avre (Eure-et-Loir) on 16 April that she is “not to be blunt” and sends this “complex problem “To a” debate “in parliament, then to a referendum on the citizens’ initiative.

Because she suffered a campaign between the two rounds and a television debate

On the evening of the first round, a completely different campaign begins for Marine Le Pen. Emmanuel Macron forces his favorite topics in front of the cameras. He forces his opponent to respond systematically to his attacks on pensions as well as the environment, accusing Marine Le Pen of “climatoskeptics” during a meeting in Marseille.

The balance of power intensifies during the television debate between the two candidates for Elysée. Marine Le Pen, briefly sent back to her approximations and her record as a Member, is on the defensive again. However, she made this high point a priority and claimed that she had been preparing it for a long time so that she would not fall back into the trap of the failed 2017 debate.

According to a survey conducted by Ipsos-Sopra Steria for franceinfo and Le Parisien-Aujourd’hui in France, 43% of respondents believe that Emmanuel Macron was the most convincing, while Marine Le Pen 24%. The third thinks that the two candidates were the same as each other. Marine Le Pen therefore failed to take advantage of this moment and relaunch her half-ended campaign. And be present at the meeting she gave the French.