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Emmanuel Macron won the French presidential election

The outgoing head of state is estimated to receive between 57.6 and 58.2%.

The French have therefore decided to restore the centrist liberal and very pro-European president in the face of a radical candidate who has national priority at the heart of her project and who is extremely critical of the European Union.

Emmanuel Macron, 44, is the first French president to be re-elected for a second term in 20 years, since Jacques Chirac in 2002 against Marine Le Pen’s father Jean-Marie Le Pen.

However, these elections are part of the context of record absenteeism, estimated at 27.8% by IFOP, an unprecedented rate for the second round since 1969 (31.3%).

The reflection of the Republican Front, or the far-right barrage that ran five years ago, was less this time among some voters hostile to the president and tired of the resumption of Macron Le Pen’s duel.

For comparison, Mr. Macron won 66.10% of the vote in 2017, a big lead over Ms. Le Pen (33.90%).

At the age of 53, he is moving the far right to a record level in France, which predicts difficult times for the re-elected president, whose first challenge will be to win a majority in the June parliamentary elections.

He will have to put together the divided French and respond to the very strong anger since the crisis of the yellow vests in 2018-2019, which has never been properly resolved.

It will also have to respond to the anxieties caused by the crisis, from the COVID-19 pandemic to the war in Ukraine.

Mr. Macron was very discreet, even though he was absent during the first round campaign, then spared no effort, multiplied his travels, organized large meetings, and addressed mainly left-wing voters who appeared as referees after the election. Tribune Jean-Luc Mélenchon finished third in the first round with almost 22% of the vote.

At his last big meeting in Marseille a week ago, Mr Macron, much criticized for his green record, promised a new five-year term under his rule or not, and promised to renew this policy.

Mr Macron, often described as the president of the rich, has multiplied his gestures towards this left-wing electorate and seems ready to make concessions on certain points, and in particular his controversial and symbolic pension reform, which he has failed to implement. during his first term of office.

These promises were not enough to reduce absenteeism during this second round, which also fell at the beginning of the school holidays. Nor arouse the great voice of the members. For many voters, such as Nicolas Moreau, 44, a city councilor in the Bersée in northern France, who explained that he voted out of duty. Or Véronique, a resident of Bersée, for whom we try to choose the least bad of these two options.

Ms. Le Pen, 53, defeated in the presidential election for the third time in her career, has failed to break the glass ceiling that represents the possibility of a far-right victory in France. With his high score, however, he places his political family and his radical ideas even more at the center of the French scene.

Mrs Le Pen is thus reaping the benefits of the demonization strategy she has been patiently pursuing for ten years. It has smoothed and refined its speech, downplayed its image and shown that it is close to the French’s concerns – although its agenda remains equally radical, especially on immigration and institutions.

The hardest part begins with a new election meeting, a parliamentary election meeting in June, where the president tries to win a majority while his opponents try to make them inevitable.