Only about one in four patients hospitalized with COVID-19 fully recovered after a year, a British study on Sunday found that being a woman or obese increases the risk of sustaining health problems.
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Presented at the European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases in Lisbon and published in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, the study used adult patient data from 39 British National Health Service (NHS) hospitals between March 7, 2020 and April 18, 2021.
Healing was assessed by measuring various patient test results five months and one year after discharge from the hospital.
Specifically, the researchers took blood samples from participants during a five-month visit to analyze the presence of various inflammatory proteins.
About 2,320 patients were examined five months after discharge and 33% were examined one year later.
The study found that the proportion of adults who fully recovered did not change significantly between five months and one year after discharge: it was 25.5% in patients examined five months later and 28.9% in those who still had it. a year later.
Being a woman, being obese and being on a hospital fan are all associated with a lower probability of complete recovery after one year, the study points out.
The most common symptoms of long-term COVID include fatigue, muscle aches, physical slowness, lack of sleep and shortness of breath.